CNMC public consultation on intercity passenger transport services by coach

From 16 December 2019 to 7 February 2020

The Act 3/2013, of June 4, creating the National Commission on Markets and Competition (CNMC) of Spain, includes among the functions of the institution the drafting of studies and research on competition matters, as well as general reports on different economic sectors (Article 5.1.h)). The Board of CNMC has exercised this prerogative by initiating a study on the conditions of competition in the intercity transport by coach sector (see press release). This study is part of Strategic Action 6.1 of the CNMC’s 2019 Action Plan (analysis of sectors that make a direct contribution to the welfare of citizens, such as all modes for passenger transport).

This study is part of Strategic Action 6.1 of the CNMC’s 2019 Action Plan (analysis of sectors that make a direct contribution to the welfare of citizens, such as all modes for passenger transport).

Why is the CNMC preparing a study on intercity passenger transport services by coach?

Intercity coaches are one of the most widely used means of transport among passengers in Spain, especially among low-income users. Under Spain’s concession system, private companies are granted exclusive rights to operate the service of certain routes through an administrative license. Although this system may have improved the spatial coverage of the transport network, numerous experts and authorities have identified deficiencies that call for a reassessment of the current system.
The study will perform an analysis of the national and regional concession system for the provision of intercity passenger transport services by coach from the perspective of competition and efficient regulation. Additionally, the study will evaluate European reforms for the introduction of competition in the market. From these analyses, the study will draw a series of conclusions to improve competition conditions in the sector.

How will the CNMC carry out its study on intercity passenger transport services by coach?

The study starts with this public consultation phase, which intends to collect the views of the main stakeholders engaged in this sector. These include consumers and users of the service, public institutions and regulatory authorities, intercity bus and coach operators, other transport operators, and other experts and concerned agents.
The next stage will consist in the analysis of the received contributions, as well as contacts (through both meetings and eventual information requirements) with some of the agents related to the sector. These tasks will be simultaneous with the internal elaboration of the study, which the CNMC expects to complete in a period of 6-9 months.

Participation rules for the public consultation

This public consultation follows a transparent process and the contributions received will be taken into consideration for drafting the study. After responding to the questionnaire, in the last step before submitting the contribution, participants are asked to provide their contact information (contact name and e-mail), as well as the name of the individual or represented institution. Contact information (contact name and e-mail) will remain confidential, and shall not be published under any circumstances. Nonetheless, both the name of the individual or represented institution and the received contribution may be published in full. Exceptions may be made regarding certain information, when specified by the participant for duly justified confidentiality issues.

Required fields are marked with an asterisk (*). Answer to the rest of the questions is optional, so participants are encouraged to focus their responses on those sections where they hold relevant information. Those questions for which participants lack relevant information or judgement may be left unanswered or marked as DK/NO (“don’t know/no opinion”)

Answers to open-ended questions are allowed a maximum character length in order to ensure a concise response. References or links to publicly available documentation may be included to reduce the extension of the contribution. If a participant wishes to submit additional information (such as data, tender specifications, contract terms and concession contracts, etc.), an electronic file (pdf, excel, word, etc.) may be sent to the e-mail address dp.estudios@cnmc.es using the subject "Study on intercity coach services" (stating clearly whether the provided documentation can be disclosed together with the answer to the public consultation).